Justice Mukherjee was born on December 1, 1933 and he passed B.Sc., L.L.B and joined the Asansol Bar in November 1956 and practised in the Sub-Divisional and District Court and Labour Tribunal till 1971.
He was appointed an additional judge of the Calcutta High Court on June 17, 1977. He was made a permanent judge of the High Court on December 8, 1977.
Justice Mukherjee was made the Allahabad High Court Chief Justice in November 1991. In January 1993, he became the Chief Justice of Bombay High Court.
After his retirement from the Apex court in 1998, Justice Mukherjee was appointed by the Centre as the chairperson of the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Disappearance Commission for Enquiry in May 1999 which concluded that Bose did not die in a plane crash and that the ashes in Renkoji temple, Japan are not those of Bose.
After graduating in science from Presidency, Justice Mukherjee studied law in Calcutta University.
He became a Supreme Court judge in December 1993. He retired from the Apex court in December 1998. On December 14, 1993, he was elevated to the bench of the Supreme Court. He retired on November 30, 1998. Justice Mukherjee returned to stay in his hometown, where he remained, till the last day of his life.