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Nageswara Rao had transferred the CBI officer probing the Muzaffarpur Shelter Home case in violation of Supreme Court’s orders

The Supreme Court, on Tuesday (February 12) came crashing down on former interim director of the CBI, M Nageswara Rao, for violating its orders by transferring a senior CBI officer who was leading the probe into the Muzaffarpur Shelter Home case. Holding Rao guilty of contempt, the court fined the former interim CBI chief Rs 1 lakh and asked him to sit in a corner of the courtroom till the end of the day’s proceedings as punishment for violating court orders.

The Supreme Court had placed an embargo on transfers of all CBI officers involved with the investigation into alleged sexual exploitation of inmates at the shelter home in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district.

On February 7, while hearing a petition filed in the shelter home case, a Supreme Court bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi was evidently incensed to discover that CBI joint director AK Sharma who was leading the probe had been transferred without prior approval of the court. The bench had then been informed that the transfer made by the Appointment Committee of the Cabinet (ACC), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on the advice of Rao, then interim CBI chief, while withholding information on the court-enforced embargo. The Chief Justice had pointedly told Attorney General KK Venugopal, appearing for Rao, that if a case of contempt of court was made out, the court would take the matter “very, very seriously.”

Rao had, on Monday (February 11), filed an “unconditional apology” with the Supreme Court, admitting to having violated its order by transferring Sharma but insisting that the action “came to be made not with any deliberate or disobedient intent” and that it was “never my intention to undermine the majesty of this Hon’ble Court, or to flout or circumvent any direction of this Hon’ble Court.”

As the court took up the contempt case on Tuesday, Attorney General Venugopal appeared before the bench, also comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao and Sanjiv Khanna, and said that the former interim CBI director “admits his mistake”.

As arguments began, the tenor of the Chief Justice signaled that the bench was unwilling to let Rao, who was present in the courtroom, off with just a simple apology. Chief Justice Gogoi sternly asked the Attorney General, “what is it if not contempt” while pointing out that Sharma’s relieving order was passed without prior approval of the court and in violation of its express orders.  He added that the interim CBI chief’s affidavit was also “an admission of contempt”.

As Venugopal continued to plead that Rao may be excused owing to his unconditional apology, the bench wondered why the interim CBI chief had “kept silent for two weeks” after Sharma’s transfer was effected and not sought “post facto approval” of the court for his decision.

“We are not inclined to accept his apology… we are of the view that he should be held guilty of contempt,” the Chief Justice said, even as Venugopal prayed for leniency. The Chief Justice then asked the Attorney General: “should we hear you on the point of sentence or him (Rao)”.

The Attorney General seemed to make a last ditch effort to protect Rao from being penalized by trying to turn the blame for violation of the court’s orders on “junior law officers” of the government. Venugopal argued that Rao had recommended to the ACC to transfer Sharma after getting due legal advice from them and that the junior lawyers officers of the Central Law Agency failed to inform the court and get its approval on the transfer.

Unimpressed, the Chief Justice said: “his (Rao’s) attitude is, I have done what I think is best (sic).”

Noting that in 20 years of his career as a judge, “I have not invoked contempt,” Chief Justice Gogoi said: “there has to be a first time to maintain the integrity… this (Rao’s action) is brazen.”

The bench then made it clear that it was holding Rao as well as the counsel who advised him on the transfer guilty of contempt and said it would hear the former interim CBI chief on the quantum of sentence to be awarded. Attorney General Venugopal then pleaded that Rao be let off after being made to pay a fine.

Accepting Venugopal’s plea, the court imposed a fine of Rs 1 lakh on Rao and the legal officer, while directing the former interim CBI director to “sit in one corner” of the courtroom till the bench rises at the end of the day’s board.

Interestingly though, while holding Rao guilty of contempt, the bench also clarified that Sharma will not return to lead the shelter home probe and his transfer, made in violation of court orders, will not be rescinded.


Rao had taken over as interim CBI chief when the Centre and Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) divested Alok Verma of his responsibilities as the agency’s director on October 23. The very next day, Rao had issued transfer orders for a slew of officers known for their proximity to Verma and those who were, at the point, part of a Special Investigation Team (SIT) that was probing the CBI’s then special director Rakesh Asthana in graft cases.

Verma had rescinded these transfer orders during the two days that he returned as CBI director (on January 8 and 9) following his conditional reinstatement by the Supreme Court. On January 10, when Verma was summarily sacked as CBI director by the selection panel mandated to appoint the agency’s chief, Rao returned as interim chief and re-issued the transfer orders.

The transfers were controversial to begin with as they appeared to be a move aimed at scuttling the probe against Asthana. Some of these transfers are also under challenge in the Supreme Court.

—India Legal Bureau

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