Q1. What is the Code on Wages, 2019?
Ans: The Code on Wages, 2019 is a code passed by the Parliament of India in July 23, 2019 which replaces the four existing work laws. They are (I) the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, (ii) the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, (iii) the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965, (iv) the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
Q2. What is the motivation behind enactment of this Code?
Ans: The principle motivation behind the enactment of this Code is to all around control the provisions for least wages and to guarantee a very much planned instalment of least wages for all workers in India.
Q3. What is the pertinence of the Code on Wages?
Ans: The Code on Wages is material to all representatives in both the sorted out and disorderly area. The provisions of the Code covers all the businesses and workers of all areas with the exception of the individuals from the Armed Forces of the Union and understudies drew in under the Apprentices Act, 1961 are avoided from the Code.
Q4. What are ‘wages’ under the Code?
Ans: The definition of ‘wages’ had gotten uniform by the implementation of this Code. As per Section 2 (y) of the Code, wages implies all the remuneration. That is compensation, stipend or some other component communicated in monetary terms which is payable to a person utilized or given in regard of his work done. The definition incorporates fundamental compensation, dearness stipend and holding recompense.
Q5. What is excluded from wages?
Ans: The definition of wages rejects bonus payable to representatives, estimation of house accommodation and utilities, any voyaging stipend, boss contribution to pension and fortunate asset, any unique costs, grant or settlement, additional time recompense, commission payable to worker, and tip payable on termination of the business. The predefined exclusions anyway may not surpass 50% of all remuneration and if surpassing, that sum will be regarded as remuneration and will be considered as wages.
Q6. What is least wages under the Code?
Ans: According to Section 9 of the code, the central government will fix a national floor rate for wages by considering the expectation for everyday comforts of workers and set distinctive floor wages dependent on various topographical zones. Hence the base wages fixed by the State or Central government’s must be higher than this floor wages and if the base wages fixed by the government are a lot higher than this they can’t decrease the current wages.
The central government before fixing the floor wages must acquire the exhortation of Central Advisory Board and furthermore may consult with the separate State government’s.
Q.7 What are the conditions for fixing the base wages?
Ans: Under Section 6 of the code, the suitable government (central or state) will fix a base pace of wages dependent on time work or piece work. While fixing the base wages, the governments may consider factors, for example, expertise of workers, and trouble of work.
Additionally by Section 8 of the code, the base wages will be changed and explored by the central or state governments at timespans over five years.
Q.8 How is the wages fixed for a worker staying at work past 40 hours?
Ans: Under Section 10 of the code, if a worker works for extra time than the typical working time he will be qualified for get additional time wages which is double the pace of ordinary wages except if, if any sort of disappointment happens in work because of his reluctance to work and not by the omission of the business to furnish him with work or whatever other such conditions which might be recommended.
Q.9 What are the methods of installment of wages?
Ans: According to Section 15 of the Code, all the wages will be paid in the accompanying mode:
- coin; or
- currency notes; or
- by cheque; or
- by crediting wages in the bank accounts of the employee; or
- by electronic mode
Q.10 How is the payment time frame fixed?
Ans: The compensation periods will be fixed by the business for the workers by Section 16 of the code, either as every day or week by week or fortnightly or monthly subject to conditions and the paid time frame must not surpass more one month. Distinctive pay periods must be fixed for various foundations.
Q11. When deduction can be produced using wages?
Ans: According to Section 18 of the code, there will be no deductions from the wages of the employee’s. In any case, on the accompanying cases deduction can be made, which is clarified in Section 18(2) of the code they are:
- fines imposed on him; or
- absence from duty; or
- damage to or loss of goods which was entrusted to him for custody: or
- house accommodation provided by the employer; or
- for amenities and services provided for the employee.
These deductions ought not surpass 50% of the worker’s complete compensation.
Q.12 How the installment of bonus is resolved under the Code?
Ans: Section 26 of the Code manages installment of bonus. All representatives whose wages don’t surpass a speciﬁc monthly add up (to be notiﬁed by the central or state government) will be qualified for a yearly bonus. The base bonus recommended under the Code is 8.33 percent and the most extreme bonus payable is 20%.
Q.13 Whether equivalent remuneration is accommodated the two people?
Ans: Section 3 of the code precludes discrimination dependent on sexual orientation. According to this section the business will not lessen the pace of wages of any worker and make any discrimination dependent on the ground of sex while enrolling representatives.
Q.14 What is Advisory Boards?
Ans: Section 42 of the Code manages the warning sheets. The Central and State governments constitute warning sheets. The Central Advisory Board by the Central government consists of following persons:
- representing employers;
- representing employees, which shall be in equal numbers as that of the employers;
- independent persons not exceeding one-third of the total members of the board;
- five representatives of the state governments as nominated by the Central government.
The State Advisory Board by the State government consists of following persons:
- representing employers;
- representing employees which shall be equal in numbers as that of the employers;
- independent persons, not exceeding one-third of the total members of the panel or commission or sub-commission.
Additionally 33% of the absolute individuals on both the Central and State Advisory Boards will be ladies.
Q.15 What are the obligations of the Central and State Advisory Boards?
Ans: The obligations of Central and State Advisory board is to exhortation the particular governments on issues identifying with:
- fixation or revision of minimum wages and other connected matters;
- providing and increasing employment opportunities for women;
- the extent to which women may be employed in such establishments or employments as the Central and the State Government may specify it by notification and
- any other matter relating to this Code.
Q.16 Who is an Inspector-cum-Facilitator?
Ans: Section 51 of the code determines that there an Inspector-cum-Facilitator might be delegated. The Inspector-cum-Facilitator are local officials delegated by the government. He has the ability to investigate any foundation likewise he can make search, seizure or can take duplicates of register, record of wages or takes note. He can tell the fitting government about deformities or maltreatments in a foundation.
Q.17 What are the punishments for offenses under the Code?
Ans: The are various kinds of punishments charged dependent on the idea of offenses under the Code. Section 54 of the Code manages the punishments for offenses.
Section 53 of the code manages the intensity of officials of proper Government to force punishment in specific cases and furthermore this Section expresses that the suitable government may select any official not underneath the position of Under Secretary to Government of India or an official of identical position in the State Government.
Under Section 52, if a grumbling is gotten from a worker or an enrolled union under the Code the suitable government or the official delegated for sake of government or an Inspector-cum-Facilitator may take perception of the case.
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