Saturday, May 18, 2024

4 Legal Rights Every Student in India Should Know

Here are very important 4 amendments in the constitution of India that every student should know.

Students of a country are the most powerful and important resource for better development. Students create the future of a country. As important students are, they sometimes end up being exploited and denied of their rights.

It is very important for every student, specially college students to know their legal rights. Although, in India, there is no special right and provision is solely dedicated to students, but here are four very important laws in the Indian constitution that every student must know of the Indian Penal code.

Right to Information (Article 19 (1) (a)):

Right to Information (RTI) is an act of the Indian Parliament that makes the right to information a fundamental right for the citizens of India. This Right to Information was passed by Parliament on June 15, 2005, and came fully into force on October 12, 2005.

Under the RTI Act, any citizen of India can request information from any public authority and the authority will have to revert back at the earliest or within thirty days.

If the matter involving a petitioner’s life and liberty, the information has to be provided within 48 hours.

Right to Equality (Article 14):

Right to Equality (Article 14) of the Indian constitution give equality before the law within the territory of India. This law is applicable to anybody and everybody who is inside the territory of India including an Indian citizen, corporations, and foreigners.

Article 14 permits classification, so long as it is ‘reasonable’, but forbids class legislation. Classification of groups of people is considered reasonable when:

  • The classification is based upon intelligible differentia that distinguishes persons or things that are grouped from others that are left out of the group,
  • The differential has a rational relation with the objective of the act

Right to Education (Article 21A):

Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the India Parliament which was made on August 4, 2009. This law describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21 (a) of the Indian Constitution.

RTE makes accessibility of education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14 and specifies minimum norms in elementary schools.

This law states that all private schools have to reserve 25 percent of seats to children (to be reimbursed by the state as part of the public-private partnership plan).

It also prohibits all unrecognised schools from practice and makes provisions for no donation or capitation fees and no interview of the child or parent for admission.

The Act also provides that no child will be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education.

There is also a provision for special training of school drop-outs to bring them up to par with students of the same age.

Right to Life (under Article 21):

The Right to life (Article 21) says that nobody, including the Government, has to authority to end your life. Under this law, it is mandatory for the Government to take appropriate measures to safeguard life by making laws to protect you.

Right to Life also makes it necessary for the govt to take appropriate steps to protect you if your life is at risk.

Public authorities should also consider your right to life when making decisions that might put you in danger or that affect your life expectancy.

If a member of your family dies in circumstances that involve the state, you may have the right to an investigation.


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