The Central government has extended the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) in the state of Nagaland for a period of another six months by a notification issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs dated December 30, 2021.
The Central government is of the opinion that the use of armed security forces in aid of the civil power becomes necessary as the area which comprises of the state of Nagaland is in a dangerous and disturbed condition, hence the extension is necessary.
The Central government while exercising the powers conferred under section 3 of the Armed forces Special Powers Act, 1958the central government hereby declares the whole of the state of Nagaland to be disturbed area for 6 months with effect from December 30, 2021.
When a state is under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act , the armed forces are empowered to arrest anyone without an arrest warrant and conduct operations. In case someone is shot dead by the security forces, full immunity is provided to the forces under AFSPA.
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The notification Ministry of Home Affairs reads as,
“Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 3 of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (No.28 of 1958) the Central Government hereby declares that whole of the State of Nagaland to be ‘disturbed area’ for a period of six months with effect from 30th December, 2021 for the purpose of the said Act,”
Several districts of Nagaland are protesting against the extension of AFSPA in the state by 6 months and demanding for withdrawal of the same have been going on since 14 civilians in the state earlier this month, as they were mistaken as insurgents were killed by a unit of Armed forces.